Lightheadedness is when you are having a feeling of faintness, dizziness, or you are close to passing out. It can occur alongside vertigo, which affects balance and makes you feel as if you or your surroundings are spinning. Although lightheadedness and vertigo can feel similar, they have different causes.
Experiencing some episodes of lightheadedness is normal. In most cases, these episodes will pass quickly, especially if a person sits or lies down to rest.
Causes of lightheadedness✔️The most common cause of lightheadedness is orthostatic hypotension, which is a sudden drop in blood pressure when a person stands up.
✔️Positional changes, especially quick ones, divert blood flow temporarily from the brain to the body. It is more likely that this will result in lightheadedness when you are dehydrated or ill.
The feeling usually passes quickly, especially if a person sits down again.
Other common causes of lightheadedness include:
✔️illnesses, such as the cold or flu
✔️prolonged exposure to hot weather
✔️low blood sugar
✔️alcohol, tobacco, or drug use
Sometimes, lightheadedness may have a more severe underlying cause, such as:
✔️inner ear disorders
✔️neurological conditions, such as Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis
✔️conditions that affect blood flow
If lightheadedness is due to a more serious underlying condition, a you will be experience additional symptoms.
Home remediesIf you are is prone to experiencing dizziness or lightheadedness, you can use the following tips to reduce you risk of falling or fainting:
✔️Getting up slowly after sitting or lying down.
✔️Drinking lots of water, especially in hot weather or during exercise.
✔️Eating or drinking something sugary or with simple carbohydrates when feeling faint.
✔️Lying or sitting down until the episode passes.
✔️Getting enough sleep.
✔️Avoiding caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol.
✔️Limiting salt intake.
✔️if you thinks that their medication may be causing lightheadedness should speak to your care giver.
Treatment for lightheadednessWhile lightheadedness does not usually require medical care, your care giver may sometimes recommend one of the following treatments, depending on the underlying cause:
➡️compression stockings to keep blood from pooling in the legs
Medications could include:
▶️medications for migraines
If your care giver recommends physical therapy for lightheadedness, a physical therapist is likely to teach you exercises to improve your balance.
In people who have lightheadedness due to anxiety, a care giver may recommend psychotherapy or cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) to help you manage this condition. A therapist may provide other coping mechanisms to reduce your stress levels.
However, it is essential to seek emergency medical attention for lightheadedness or dizziness when one or more of the following symptoms accompany it:
➡️weakness on one side of the body
➡️facial drooping or numbness
➡️pain in the arm, neck, or jaw
➡️sudden severe headache
➡️numbness or inability to move the arms or legs
➡️vision changes, such as double vision
➡️a rapid or irregular heartbeat
➡️You should also report to hospital immediately if lightheadedness occurs following a head injury.
Lightheadedness is a common experience, and it usually resolves very quickly with no lasting effects. People who frequently experience lightheadedness can usually manage the symptoms at home.
In some cases, lightheadedness may occur as a result of an underlying medical cause, in which case a person is likely to experience additional symptoms.
Anyone who has concerns about lightheadedness should speak to a health professional.
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